Learn more about Ethiopian Culture
 
Geographical Location
The Dire Dawa Provisional Administration is located in the eastern part of Ethiopia.
The administration is bordered by the Shinile Zone of the Somali National Regional State on the northwest, and northeast,
and by the eastern Hararghie Region of the Oromia National Regional State on the south, southeast, and east.
The Provisional Administration is estimated to have a total land area of 128,802 hectares of land, of which 97.73% covers the rural area,
and the remaining 2.27% accounts for the land area used by the region’s main urban centre:
Dire Dawa City, located 515 km from Addis Ababa, 55 km from Harar, and 313 km from Port Djibouti.
 
Climate
The climatic condition of the Provisional region seems to be greatly influenced by its topography,
which lies between 950 – 1250 MASL, and which is characterized by warm and dry climate with a relatively low level of precipitation.
The mean annual temperature of the Provisional Administration is about 25.40C.
The average maximum temperature of the Administration is 31.40C,
while its average minimum temperature is about 18.20C.
The region has two rain seasons; that is, a small rain season from March to April, and a big rain season that extends from August to September.
The aggregate average annual rainfall that the region gets from these two seasons is about 604 mm.
On the other hand, the region is believed to have an abundant underground water resource.
 
Population

The population of the region is at present estimated to be about 369,674, of which 73.6% reside in the urban area and the rest 26.4% live in rural areas.
Being one of the largest urban centers in the country, Dire Dawa has become home for peoples from a number of nations and nationalities found in the country as well as for people from India, Yemen, Turkey, etc.
 
Languages and Religions
A number of Ethiopian Languages including Oromiffa, Amharic, Somali, Guragigna, Tigrigna, Harari, etc. are widely spoken in Dire Dawa
by the people from the various nations and nationalities living in Dire Dawa.
Amharic is used as a working language in the city. Arabic also serves as a medium of communication in some sectors of the city.
The presence of conducive environments like similarity in lifestyles, closeness and friendship
2 Prepared by the Dire Dawa Provisional Administration Investment Agency, March 2005
 
G E N E R A L F E A T U R E
among the people of the city have contributed to the creation of a unique blending of custom that transcends any cultural and language barriers.
As a result of this, nearly all the people living especially in the central and eastern sections of the city are able to speak two or more languages.
The predominant religions practiced in the region are Islam and Christianity.
However, we can find people from other religious groups like Hindu and the like in the city.
 
Residential Houses and Real State Development
2.1. Those who would like to construct a residential house for a family in the 105m2 of land can get land freely with out any lease payment.
2.2. Those who would like to construct a residential house on a land bigger than the one specified above will have to pay in accordance with the rule in the procedures for the provision of land for the construction of residential houses.
2.3. On the other hand, when the residential house to be constructed by the investor can accommodate 30 family members, the investor can have a 20 % reduction from the lease payment, while he can get a 2 % progressive reduction for every 10 houses he constructs then after.
2.4. Those who construct a G + 3 and above will receive a reduction of 5 % of the required payment for every additional floor they set up.

NOTICE: We would like to inform that in this case the down payment is 10 %, grace period 2 years, and the period of time for settling the remaining payment is 30 years.
 
Roads
There are a number of roads with varying standards connecting Dire Dawa with var- by the Dire Dawa Provisional Administration Investment Agency,
March 2005 ious urban centers in the neighboring regional states, and the neighboring country, Djibouti.
The presence of a plan to upgrade the roads to a higher level is a situation that is bound to play a crucial role to the growth in the private investment sector in the region.
 
Air Transport
Dire Dawa has an international airport that plays an essential role by ensuring its connection with the rest of the world.
 
Railway Transportation
The Ethio-Djibouti Railway Line passes through Dire Dawa.
The railway line will play an invaluable role, as always, to the effort to move the various products, raw materials, consumer goods, etc.,
to and fro the country. It is an aspect that will play crucial roles to the increase in the number of private investors willing to invest in the region.
 
Camping
Tisisat Falls on the Blue Nile, in northwestern Ethiopia, during the dry season.
The falls are located on the Ethiopian Plateau, about 32 km (20 mi) southeast of Lake T’ana.
Lake T'ana, like Tisisat Falls and many other beautiful sites in Ethioipia, is another popular spot where tourist love to go camping.
T’ana, Lake, lake, western Ethiopia, the largest in the country, covering 2,156 sq km (832 sq mi).
It is on the north central plateau of Amhara in the Ethiopian highlands, near Gonder. Lake T’ana is located 1,830 m (6,000 ft) above sea level.
About 85 km (about 53 mi) long and 65 km (41 mi) wide, the lake reaches a depth of about 15 m (about 50 ft).
About 50 streams, the largest of which is the Little Abbai, or Upper Nile, flow into the lake.
The outlet of Lake T’ana, at its southeastern corner, forms a bay about 17 km (about 11 mi) long and 12 km (8 mi) wide. From this bay issues the Abbai, or Blue Nile.
The lake contains a number of small islands. Fish are caught by inhabitants of the several towns that lie along its shore.
Chief of these towns are Bahir Dar in the south and Gorgora in the north, once the capital of the 16th- and 17th-century Abyssinian kings.
 
Fishing

Nine Rivers and streams between Addis Adaba and Goba were stocked with trout in the early 1970's.
These have thrived and are now available for sport fishing.
Brown Trout can be fished on a short stretch of the Web River near Dinsho, while all the other Rivers are stocked with Rainbow.
Fishing conditions are varied - cascading waterfalls, deep still pools, or the tiny narrow and clear Danka stream.
Good exercise, beautiful scenery, peaceful surroundings, are all combined in the one activity.
Tiger fish, sharp-toothed catfish, barbel, and bream are among the many species of fish.
Part of Ethiopia's Fishing areas include hippopotamuses, buffalo, and two kinds of antelope—lechwe and impalas—are common around fishing scenes.
 
Hunting
Ethiopian safari-hunting offers opportunity to bag a diversity of game: The larger species of Ethiopian wildlife are native to most parts of the country.
These include the wild bore giraffe, leopard, hippopotamus, lion, cheetah, buffalo, elephant, antelope, and rhinoceros.
The deer, rabbit, caracal, jackal, hyena, and various species of monkey are common. The country is home to 813 bird species.
Birds of prey include the eagle, hawk, vulture, duck, waterfowl, pheasant and other wild fowl.
Heron, parrot, and such game birds as the snipe, partridge, teal, pigeon, and bustard are found in abundance.
Jaguar, peccary, deer, duck, dove, and turkey are also popular.
Ethiopian safari-hunting offers opportunity to bag a diversity of game: The larger species of Ethiopian wildlife are native to most parts of the country.
These include the wild bore giraffe, leopard, hippopotamus, lion, cheetah, buffalo, elephant, antelope, and rhinoceros.
The European hunters generally go out for wild boar, fox, red stag, rabbit, and various game birds.

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